Assessing Landscape Effects in Strategic Planning for Transport Infrastructure

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To assess the multiplicity of effects on landscape from transport infrastructure measures is especially challenging since planned transport structures might stretch over large areas of a region and influence future land uses. When new areas become accessible by the construction of new roads, railroads and stations, these areas are also likely to be developed in terms of new housing and industries. Thus, the localization of transport structures affect the exploitation and use of land and may affect the natural, cultural, social and the aesthetical qualities of a landscape. On a national policy level, as for example in Sweden, national environmental objectives direct the future development of the qualities of landscapes. These circumstances reinforce the importance of careful consideration to landscape in planning for transport structures. This article reports main results of a research project investigating landscape consideration in strategic planning for transport infrastructure in Sweden.