Infrastructure Requirements for the Self-Driving Vehicle

Illustration © Author

The self-driving vehicle is not a recent concept. Back in 1977, a robotics laboratory in Tsukuba (Japan) had proposed an automated driving vehicle prototype operating on a dedicated track. This groundbreaking work was followed in 1986 by the ALV (Autonomous Land Vehicle) developed at Carnegie Mellon[1], along with other prototypes, within the scope of major projects like PROMOTHEUS (1987) [2] in Europe or the National Automated Highway System Consortium (NAHSC) program in the U.S., which was subsequently showcased by a high-profile demonstration in San Diego in 1997 [3].