Introduction: Intelligent Transport Systems, myth vs. reality?

The notion of Intelligent Transport Systems (or ITS) was first suggested towards the end of the 1990's to describe the convergence of many diverse research programs underway across the globe since the end of the 1980's, including: PROMETHEUS 1 and DRIVE 2 in Europe, PATH 3 and IVHS 4 in the United States, and AMTICS 5 and RACS 6 in Japan.