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EPZS and Traffic Restrictions : An Overview Of The European Context

Illustrations © Authors

In order to comply with Directive EU 2016/2284 of the European Parliament and Council of 14 December 2016 on the reduction of national emissions of certain atmospheric pollutants, the Member States have been transposing into their national law the emission restriction targets for atmospheric pollutants set out in Annex II of the Directive. The achievement of these objectives is notably expressed by introducing legislative provisions allowing local authorities to decree LEZs (low emission zones) in which only the least polluting vehicles are authorised or ZZEs (zero emission zones) in which only personal electric vehicles and decarbonised public transport are authorised to circulate. The perspective of the implementation of these mechanisms leads us to question the consequences of the traffic restrictions that accompany them as well as the place of the automobile in urban centres.